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Sunday, July 11, 2010

TERENGGANU HISTORY

There are several theories on the origin of the name 'Terengganu'. One theory attributes the name's origin to terang ganu, Malay for 'bright rainbow'  Another story, said to have been originally narrated by the ninth Sultan of Terengganu, Baginda Omar, tells of a party of hunters from Pahang roving and hunting in the area of what is now southern Terengganu. One of the hunters spotted a big animal fang lying on the ground. A fellow party member asked to which animal did the fang belong. The hunter, not knowing which animal, simply answered taring anu (Malay: 'fang of something'). The party later returned to Pahang with a rich hoard of game, fur and sandalwood, which impressed their neighbors. They asked the hunters where did they source their riches, to which they replied, from the land of taring anu, which later evolved into Terengganu. Terengganu was called Trangkanu (Thai: ตรังกานู) by the Siamese when it was under their influence.
The traditional Chinese name for Terengganu has been "丁加奴" which is a direct transliteration of the Malay name. However, in recent years, the Chinese community in Terengganu has raised objections to the name, citing that the characters used loosely translate to "giving birth to a child who will become a slave" (Chinese: 添丁加做奴). Therefore, they successfully petitioned the regulatory commission for Chinese language in Malaysia to change the Chinese name for the state to "登嘉楼" (Pinyin: dēngjiālóu), which can be loosely translated to "aspiring/stepping up to a higher level", in September 2004. It is worth noting, however, that the new name has [
br/> been in unofficial use by the state's Chinese society for at least 30 years before its official adoption.
There are certain segments of the Chinese society who opposed to the name change, citing the fact that the new name contains too many character strokes, making it much more difficult to write. They have proposed to revert the name back to the version used before 2004, but with the word "奴" (slavery, which was mainly the cause of the controversy) to the similar sounding, but more positive "努"
Terengganu is situated in north-eastern Peninsular Malaysia, and is bordered in the northwest by Kelantan, the southwest by Pahang, and the east by the South China Sea. Several outlying islands, including pulau lang tengah Pulau Perhentian, Pulau Kapas and Pulau Redang, are also a part of the state. The state has a total area of 12,955 km².
Terengganu has a population of 1,080,286 (2006 census), of which Malays make up 94.7%[1] of the population and Chinese, 2.6%[1], while Indians 0.2%[1] and other ethnic groups comprise the remainder, 2.4%[1]. In the year 2000, the state's population was only 48.7% urban; the majority lived in rural areas[3]. By the 2005 census, the proportions had changed significantly, with 51% of the population living in urban areas and 49% in the rural areas[3]. Terengganu is divided into seven administrative districts (called Daerah in Malay), of which the respective names, area, population,
       Terengganu The Sultanate of Terengganu roots can be traced to 1726. The line originated from the Pahang Bendahara with Sultan Zainal Abidin I, the first Sultan of Terengganu.
The Sultans has been sending tributes (gifts) to Siam every three years. This ended in 1090 with the Bangkok Agreement whereby Terengganu was handed over to the British. Sultan Zainal Abidin III refused to recognize this agreement. She refused to accept a British advisor but accepted an agent of the British Counsel. A British advisor was finally installed in 1919 with J.L. Humpreys.
Terengganu was handed back to Siam during the Japanese occupation in 1941.
In September 1945, Terengganu was placed under the British Military Administration.
In October 1945, the British laid out the Malayan Union
Terengganu was handed back to Siam durscheme before the British Parliament. Under the scheme, Pulau Pinang, Melaka and nine other Malay states were to be united under the Malayan Union. Sir Harold MacMicheal was then entrusted in obtaining the agreements from the Malay Rulers. ing the Japanese occupation in 1941.
In September 1945, Terengganu was placed under the British Military Administration.
In October 1945, the British laid out the Malayan Union scheme before the British Parliament. Under the scheme, Pulau Pinang, Melaka and nine other Malay states were to be united under the Malayan Union. Sir Harold MacMicheal was then entrusted in obtaining the agreements from the Malay Rulers.
Malays opposition to the British plans to form the Malayan Union catalyst the movement for Independence. Sparked by national sentiments, Dato Onn Jaafar formed United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) on 11 May 1946. The Malay Federation was founded on 1 February 1948 and on 31 August 1957, Malaya achieved Independence.)


    * 1708-1733: Tun Zainal Abidin

    * 1733-1794: Sultan Mansur I

    * 1794–1808: Sultan Zainal Abidin II

    * 1808–1830: Sultan Ahmad

    * 1830: Sultan Abdul Rahman

    * 1830–1831: Sultan Daud

    * 1831–1837: Sultan Mansur II

    * 1837–1839: Sultan Muhammad

    * 1839–1876: Baginda Omar

    * 1876–1881: Sultan Ahmad Shah II

    * 1881–1918: Sultan Zainal Abidin III, putera Sultan Ahmad Shah II ;

    * 1918–1920: Sultan Muhammad Shah II

    * 1920–1942: Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah

    * 1942-1945: Tengku Ali

    * 1945-1979: Sultan Ismail Nasaruddin Shah

    * 1979-1998: Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah

    * 1998-now: Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin


British Agents

1904 - 1909 ....

1909 - 1913 William Lance Conlay (b. 1869 - d. 1927)

1913 - 1915 Walter D. Scott

1915 - 1916 C.N. Maxwell

1916 - 1919 John Lisseter Humphreys (b. 1881 - d. 1929)

Advisers

1919 - 1925 John Lisseter Humphreys (s.a.)

Nov 1919 - Jan 1920 Walter Evelyn Pepys (b. 1885 - d. 1966)

(acting for Humphreys)

Feb 1919 - May 1920 H.C. Eckhardt

(acting for Humphreys)

1925 - 1926 James William Simmons (b. 1877 - d. 19..)

1926 - 1928 William Miles Millington (b. 1883 - d. 19..)

1928 - 1931 Alfred John Sturrock (b. 1879 - d. 19..)

Mar 1931 - 1932 Gordon Lupton Ham (b. 1885 - d. 1965)

1932 - 1934 Charles Cuthbert Brown (b. 1888 - d. 19..)

1934 - 1935 Norman Rowlstone Jarrett (b. 1889 - d. 1982)

(1st time) (acting)

1935 - 1936 J.E. Kepme

Dec 1936 - 1937 Norman Rowlstone Jarrett (b. 1889 - d. 1982)

(2nd time) (acting)

1937 Patrick Alexander Bruce McKerron (b. 1896 - d. 1964)

(acting)

1937 - 1941 Norman Rowlstone Jarrett (s.a.)

(3rd time)

Dec 1937 - 1940 Arthur Egerton Coope (b. 1888 - d. 19..)

1940 - 1941 George Alexander de Chazal de (b. 1888 - d. 1976)

Moubray (acting to ... 1941)


Japanese Governors

1941 - 18 Mar 1942 ....

18 Mar 1942 - 194. Manabu Kuji


Thai Officer

20 Aug 1943 - Aug 1945 Prayoon Ratanakit


British Resident Commissioners

Aug 1945 - 1946 Derek Headly (b. 1908)

(acting to 1 Apr 1946)

1946 - 1948 John Graham Black (b. 1896 - d. 19..)

1949? - 1951 I.W. Blelloch (acting) (b. 1901)

1952 - May 1954 Maurice John Hayward (b. 1906)

May 1954 - 1955 J.F. Hannyngton (b. 1906)

British Adviser

1955 - Jan 1957 J.F. Hannyngton (s.a.)

1955 - Feb 1956 Frank Marshall Smith (b. 1912)

(acting for Hannyngton)


Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar)

1878 - 1886 Sayyid Abdullah bin Sayyid Muhammad

Zain al-Idrus

1886 - 21 Apr 1925 ....

21 Apr 1925 - 28 Jun 1940 Dato' Seri Amar Diraja Ngah

Muhamad bin Yusof

15 Jul 1940 - 6 May 1942 Tengku Seri Setia Raja Tengku Omar

bin Othman

17 May 1942 - 16 Dec 1945 Dato' Jaya Perkasa Da Omar bin

Mahmud

17 Dec 1945 - 26 Dec 1949 Tengku Panglima Perang Tengku

Muhamad bin al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad

27 Dec 1949 - Jun 1959 Dato' Perdana Menteri Di Raja

Dato' Seri Setia Raja Kamaruddin

bin Idris

Jun 1959 - 8 Nov 1961 Mohd Daud bin Abdul Samad

9 Nov 1961 - 3 Sep 1970 Tan Sri Ibrahim Fikri bin Mohammad

1 Oct 1970 - 4 Sep 1971 Dato' Mahmood bin Sulaiman

5 Sep 1971 - 3 Aug 1974 Dato' Nik Hassan bin Wan Abdul

Rahman

1 Sep 1974 - 2 Dec 1999 Wan Mokhtar Ahmad (from 7 Jul

1982, Datuk Amar Wan Mokhtar

Ahmad; from 8 Apr 1983, Datuk

Wan Mokhtar Ahmad; from 26 Nov

1988, Tan Sri Wan Mokhtar Ahmad) (b. 1932) BN

2 Dec 1999 - 25 Mar 2004 Abdul Hadi Awang (b. 1947) PAS

(from 19 Jul 2001, Dato' Seri Abdul Hadi Awang)

25 Mar 2004 - 25 Mar 2008 Datuk (from 20 Jul 2004, Dato'

Seri) Idris Jusoh (b. 1955) UMNO/BN

25 Mar 2008 - Datuk Ahmad Said (b. 1957) UMNO
((((FROM WIKIPIDIA)))))


    * for more info  terengganu history follow link

    * http://www.trglib.gov.my/jaringan/trg/Sejarah_Terengganu.htm

    * http://www.naga-pelangi.de/Naga_2/malay/history_my.html

    * http://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sejarah_Terengganu

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Sunday, July 11, 2010

TERENGGANU HISTORY

There are several theories on the origin of the name 'Terengganu'. One theory attributes the name's origin to terang ganu, Malay for 'bright rainbow'  Another story, said to have been originally narrated by the ninth Sultan of Terengganu, Baginda Omar, tells of a party of hunters from Pahang roving and hunting in the area of what is now southern Terengganu. One of the hunters spotted a big animal fang lying on the ground. A fellow party member asked to which animal did the fang belong. The hunter, not knowing which animal, simply answered taring anu (Malay: 'fang of something'). The party later returned to Pahang with a rich hoard of game, fur and sandalwood, which impressed their neighbors. They asked the hunters where did they source their riches, to which they replied, from the land of taring anu, which later evolved into Terengganu. Terengganu was called Trangkanu (Thai: ตรังกานู) by the Siamese when it was under their influence.
The traditional Chinese name for Terengganu has been "丁加奴" which is a direct transliteration of the Malay name. However, in recent years, the Chinese community in Terengganu has raised objections to the name, citing that the characters used loosely translate to "giving birth to a child who will become a slave" (Chinese: 添丁加做奴). Therefore, they successfully petitioned the regulatory commission for Chinese language in Malaysia to change the Chinese name for the state to "登嘉楼" (Pinyin: dēngjiālóu), which can be loosely translated to "aspiring/stepping up to a higher level", in September 2004. It is worth noting, however, that the new name has [
br/> been in unofficial use by the state's Chinese society for at least 30 years before its official adoption.
There are certain segments of the Chinese society who opposed to the name change, citing the fact that the new name contains too many character strokes, making it much more difficult to write. They have proposed to revert the name back to the version used before 2004, but with the word "奴" (slavery, which was mainly the cause of the controversy) to the similar sounding, but more positive "努"
Terengganu is situated in north-eastern Peninsular Malaysia, and is bordered in the northwest by Kelantan, the southwest by Pahang, and the east by the South China Sea. Several outlying islands, including pulau lang tengah Pulau Perhentian, Pulau Kapas and Pulau Redang, are also a part of the state. The state has a total area of 12,955 km².
Terengganu has a population of 1,080,286 (2006 census), of which Malays make up 94.7%[1] of the population and Chinese, 2.6%[1], while Indians 0.2%[1] and other ethnic groups comprise the remainder, 2.4%[1]. In the year 2000, the state's population was only 48.7% urban; the majority lived in rural areas[3]. By the 2005 census, the proportions had changed significantly, with 51% of the population living in urban areas and 49% in the rural areas[3]. Terengganu is divided into seven administrative districts (called Daerah in Malay), of which the respective names, area, population,
       Terengganu The Sultanate of Terengganu roots can be traced to 1726. The line originated from the Pahang Bendahara with Sultan Zainal Abidin I, the first Sultan of Terengganu.
The Sultans has been sending tributes (gifts) to Siam every three years. This ended in 1090 with the Bangkok Agreement whereby Terengganu was handed over to the British. Sultan Zainal Abidin III refused to recognize this agreement. She refused to accept a British advisor but accepted an agent of the British Counsel. A British advisor was finally installed in 1919 with J.L. Humpreys.
Terengganu was handed back to Siam during the Japanese occupation in 1941.
In September 1945, Terengganu was placed under the British Military Administration.
In October 1945, the British laid out the Malayan Union
Terengganu was handed back to Siam durscheme before the British Parliament. Under the scheme, Pulau Pinang, Melaka and nine other Malay states were to be united under the Malayan Union. Sir Harold MacMicheal was then entrusted in obtaining the agreements from the Malay Rulers. ing the Japanese occupation in 1941.
In September 1945, Terengganu was placed under the British Military Administration.
In October 1945, the British laid out the Malayan Union scheme before the British Parliament. Under the scheme, Pulau Pinang, Melaka and nine other Malay states were to be united under the Malayan Union. Sir Harold MacMicheal was then entrusted in obtaining the agreements from the Malay Rulers.
Malays opposition to the British plans to form the Malayan Union catalyst the movement for Independence. Sparked by national sentiments, Dato Onn Jaafar formed United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) on 11 May 1946. The Malay Federation was founded on 1 February 1948 and on 31 August 1957, Malaya achieved Independence.)


    * 1708-1733: Tun Zainal Abidin

    * 1733-1794: Sultan Mansur I

    * 1794–1808: Sultan Zainal Abidin II

    * 1808–1830: Sultan Ahmad

    * 1830: Sultan Abdul Rahman

    * 1830–1831: Sultan Daud

    * 1831–1837: Sultan Mansur II

    * 1837–1839: Sultan Muhammad

    * 1839–1876: Baginda Omar

    * 1876–1881: Sultan Ahmad Shah II

    * 1881–1918: Sultan Zainal Abidin III, putera Sultan Ahmad Shah II ;

    * 1918–1920: Sultan Muhammad Shah II

    * 1920–1942: Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah

    * 1942-1945: Tengku Ali

    * 1945-1979: Sultan Ismail Nasaruddin Shah

    * 1979-1998: Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah

    * 1998-now: Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin


British Agents

1904 - 1909 ....

1909 - 1913 William Lance Conlay (b. 1869 - d. 1927)

1913 - 1915 Walter D. Scott

1915 - 1916 C.N. Maxwell

1916 - 1919 John Lisseter Humphreys (b. 1881 - d. 1929)

Advisers

1919 - 1925 John Lisseter Humphreys (s.a.)

Nov 1919 - Jan 1920 Walter Evelyn Pepys (b. 1885 - d. 1966)

(acting for Humphreys)

Feb 1919 - May 1920 H.C. Eckhardt

(acting for Humphreys)

1925 - 1926 James William Simmons (b. 1877 - d. 19..)

1926 - 1928 William Miles Millington (b. 1883 - d. 19..)

1928 - 1931 Alfred John Sturrock (b. 1879 - d. 19..)

Mar 1931 - 1932 Gordon Lupton Ham (b. 1885 - d. 1965)

1932 - 1934 Charles Cuthbert Brown (b. 1888 - d. 19..)

1934 - 1935 Norman Rowlstone Jarrett (b. 1889 - d. 1982)

(1st time) (acting)

1935 - 1936 J.E. Kepme

Dec 1936 - 1937 Norman Rowlstone Jarrett (b. 1889 - d. 1982)

(2nd time) (acting)

1937 Patrick Alexander Bruce McKerron (b. 1896 - d. 1964)

(acting)

1937 - 1941 Norman Rowlstone Jarrett (s.a.)

(3rd time)

Dec 1937 - 1940 Arthur Egerton Coope (b. 1888 - d. 19..)

1940 - 1941 George Alexander de Chazal de (b. 1888 - d. 1976)

Moubray (acting to ... 1941)


Japanese Governors

1941 - 18 Mar 1942 ....

18 Mar 1942 - 194. Manabu Kuji


Thai Officer

20 Aug 1943 - Aug 1945 Prayoon Ratanakit


British Resident Commissioners

Aug 1945 - 1946 Derek Headly (b. 1908)

(acting to 1 Apr 1946)

1946 - 1948 John Graham Black (b. 1896 - d. 19..)

1949? - 1951 I.W. Blelloch (acting) (b. 1901)

1952 - May 1954 Maurice John Hayward (b. 1906)

May 1954 - 1955 J.F. Hannyngton (b. 1906)

British Adviser

1955 - Jan 1957 J.F. Hannyngton (s.a.)

1955 - Feb 1956 Frank Marshall Smith (b. 1912)

(acting for Hannyngton)


Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar)

1878 - 1886 Sayyid Abdullah bin Sayyid Muhammad

Zain al-Idrus

1886 - 21 Apr 1925 ....

21 Apr 1925 - 28 Jun 1940 Dato' Seri Amar Diraja Ngah

Muhamad bin Yusof

15 Jul 1940 - 6 May 1942 Tengku Seri Setia Raja Tengku Omar

bin Othman

17 May 1942 - 16 Dec 1945 Dato' Jaya Perkasa Da Omar bin

Mahmud

17 Dec 1945 - 26 Dec 1949 Tengku Panglima Perang Tengku

Muhamad bin al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad

27 Dec 1949 - Jun 1959 Dato' Perdana Menteri Di Raja

Dato' Seri Setia Raja Kamaruddin

bin Idris

Jun 1959 - 8 Nov 1961 Mohd Daud bin Abdul Samad

9 Nov 1961 - 3 Sep 1970 Tan Sri Ibrahim Fikri bin Mohammad

1 Oct 1970 - 4 Sep 1971 Dato' Mahmood bin Sulaiman

5 Sep 1971 - 3 Aug 1974 Dato' Nik Hassan bin Wan Abdul

Rahman

1 Sep 1974 - 2 Dec 1999 Wan Mokhtar Ahmad (from 7 Jul

1982, Datuk Amar Wan Mokhtar

Ahmad; from 8 Apr 1983, Datuk

Wan Mokhtar Ahmad; from 26 Nov

1988, Tan Sri Wan Mokhtar Ahmad) (b. 1932) BN

2 Dec 1999 - 25 Mar 2004 Abdul Hadi Awang (b. 1947) PAS

(from 19 Jul 2001, Dato' Seri Abdul Hadi Awang)

25 Mar 2004 - 25 Mar 2008 Datuk (from 20 Jul 2004, Dato'

Seri) Idris Jusoh (b. 1955) UMNO/BN

25 Mar 2008 - Datuk Ahmad Said (b. 1957) UMNO
((((FROM WIKIPIDIA)))))


    * for more info  terengganu history follow link

    * http://www.trglib.gov.my/jaringan/trg/Sejarah_Terengganu.htm

    * http://www.naga-pelangi.de/Naga_2/malay/history_my.html

    * http://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sejarah_Terengganu

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